After months of waiting, the Apple fans can't wait to install the latest iOS 12 to reflect this newest operating system. While the "Software Update" section in Settings is by far the easiest way to update to iOS 12, you can also choose to download the IPSW file of iOS 12 and install it on your iPhone using iTunes. 2 final is out now for everyone. also, keep eye on upcoming tiny/ Small but notable updates, that will appear on iPhone. Chances are that you might be having the same iPhone battery drain problem right after performing an iOS 12 update. Jun 26, 2018 · Apple has released the public beta version of the much anticipated free iOS 12 software update for iPhones and iPads, which means those eager to try it before anyone else can install it right now. 4 Update Manually. 3 and iOS 8. And, while the iOS 12. After upgrading to iOS 12 many people. That's because latest jailbreaks intentionally disable the OTA update feature in order to prevent users from accidentally upgrading to the latest iOS version, thus losing the jailbreak. 3 is available for everyone to download right now. Follow our instructions below to install your email signature in your Mail App for iPhone iOS 12. Here’s how you can make iPhone or iPad download app updates automatically. iOS 12 has basic updates, bug fixed from iOS 11 and some unexpected improvement. You can't upgrade iPhone 5 to iOS 11. Click Download and Update. The iPhone 4 is a relic of the past, but we are going to answer a question which many have been asking lately: iOS 8 for iPhone 4, can you upgrade? And which is the latest version of iOS available. The window for downgrades is still open. Sometimes a corrupt update can cause a problem, but you can remove and retry. Tap on Settings > General > Software Update. if an answer is yes, the next question will be, how to download iOS 12 on iPhone 5S?. 4, which is the latest public. Can you use the iPhone 4 in 2018 with iOS 7. This is the easiest, but less-preferred method of updating your iPhone or iPad. 2 beta 1 only contains 64-bit iOS devices and seems to drop support for 32-bit iPhones and iPads, including iPhone 5, iPhone 6c and iPad 4. Tap on General. Click HERE for the iOS 9. With an iOS 12 features and release date report, we also have collected information concern iOS 12 Supported devices. 4 is far from bug-free but, given the severity of FaceTime flaw it fixes, it must be considered an essential update. 2 beta or 12. However, some brand new features can be accessed with Apple's latest beta, iOS 12. Contact names disappeared from iPhone suddenly and you could not recognize the phone numbers? How terrible it is! Read the post to get 6 solutions to fix the iPhone contacts missing names after iOS 11/11. The main reason everyone would want to restore their device to iOS 12. IPA after iTunes 12. 1 firmware because of the number of problems linked to it. But what if you. With the advent of IOS 12 publically, lots of exciting features have been released like Memoji and Animoji to make the messages more expressive and appealing, rediscovering and sharing more […]. Even old iPod Touches can’t get past iOS 7. ‎Bringing you closer to the people and things you love. How To Update iPhone To iOS 10. Whichever iOS you want to upgrade to, first of all, I suggest that you should make a backup before updating iPhone. See related Apple iPhone 8 Plus review: Price reduction following Apple's autumn keynote. Many iPhone 6 users are interested on how to update their devices using cellular data. Tap on Download and Install. Here's what you need to do to ensure that your upgrade to iOS 12 goes as smoothly as possible and you don't. Check out the steps below to upgrade or update your iPhone 7 and 7 Plus to iOS 11 (install iOS 11 on iPhone 7 / Plus). If Your iPhone Doesn't Work after iOS 12/13 Update. Pre-orders for the new iPhone Xs and Xs Max will. Install iPhone or iPad apps. 3 depends on a variety of factors, including the current iOS version, the device itself, and the speed of internet service. Apple's released its long-awaited iOS 12. How to remove downloaded software updates. Here are the latest features and improvements in the world's most advanced mobile. Here's how you can delete an iOS software update from your iPhone or iPad and put an end to the annoying update reminders and popups. UTC on November 3, 2019, iPhone 5 will require an iOS update to maintain accurate GPS location and to continue to use functions that rely on correct date and time including App Store, iCloud, email, and web browsing. Install iOS 12. Click Download and Install. How to fix cellular network errors on Apple iPhone XS Max after iOS 12. Hello! I've got a new iPhone XS today and it's on iOS 12. iOS 7 supported devices. 2 for iPhones and iPads that can't be updated to iOS 13. Compared to iOS 12, iOS 13 drops support for iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, and iPhone 5S. * Upgrading to the latest version of iOS or iPadOS software provides the latest features, security updates, and bug fixes. The iOS 12 update will be avaialble Monday, and if you’ve been anxiously waiting for the latest iPhone update, your time has come. 1/12/iOS 12. Telling you how long does the iOS 13/12 update take and what to do if your iPhone/iPad is stuck in downloading the update. Apple® iPhone® 4 Software Update iOS 9. Click Restore and Update to confirm. UTC on November 3, 2019, iPhone 5 will require an iOS update to maintain accurate GPS location and to continue to use functions that rely on correct date and time including App Store, iCloud, email, and web browsing. 4 to Update iPhone & Ipad: First of all save all your personal data (SMS, contacts, applications, documents, music, photos, etc. 1 and will want to downgrade back to iOS 4. More info here: iOS 8. 2 ios update IOS 8. How to Upgrade from iOS 10. In addition to some minor tweaks, you will find that the App Store is no longer present. First, get the latest iTunes version on your computer before you restore your iOS device in DFU mode. It's really easy and simple if you follow the step by step guideline of this article to downgrade from iOS 13 beta to iOS 12 in your iPhone. How to update using iTunes. My old songs are still there, but, when I try to add a new song to a playlist, it doesn't appear on my device. Launch the Finder window and select your device from the side bar. The bypass is the same as it was in. 4 update, cellular services not working [Troubleshooting Guide] by Felix on October 12, 2019 Software updates are intended to offer benefits, particularly system enhancements. The rest of the instructions are the same. No iOS release has progressed beyond version X. 1 firmware because of the number of problems linked to it. Your data will be save during updating. iPhone owners could lose Wi-Fi and 4G internet access if they miss this update APPLE has started to issue warnings to iPhone 5 owners who are still clinging to their older smartphone to update to. Troubleshooting 4:. The compatibility list this year is pretty wide, dating back to the iPhone 6s, iPad mini 2, and the 6th. Step 4: After the successful recognition, look for updates. How to Downgrade iPhone 4s, iPad 2 From iOS 9. com/2015/09/apple-ipad-pro-pencil-keyboard-specs-price-availability/ https://techprolonged. Your iPhone gets a whole new operating system today. iPhone 11 jailbreak now available CydiaMate is the best website which contains jailbreak updates, news and show correct guidance for cydia download to iPhone iPod or iPad. However, some brand new features can be accessed with Apple's latest beta, iOS 12. Step 5: Download the latest version by tapping on "Update". How to Download and Install iOS 12. iOS 12, the latest major update to Apple's operating system for iPhone and iPad, was released in September 2018. OK, here's the deal: With the latest update to both iOS on my iPhone and to iTunes, I can no longer sync new songs I add to my playlists to my iPhone. 3 includes bug fixes and improvements for your iPhone. iOS 12 has basic updates, bug fixed from iOS 11 and some unexpected improvement. Hope you get the real answer for all your questions. AMP apple watch 4 apple watch vs galaxy watch cameratelefoon delen ios iPhone iphone 8 iphone tips iphone tips and tricks iphone tips and tricks ios 12 iphone tips n tricks iphone tips tricks weebly iphone vs android iphone vs android 2018 iPhone vs Note 9 iphone vs oneplus 6 iphone vs pixel iphone vs samsung iphone x. 3 is accessible for iPhone 5s, iPhone 6/6 Plus, iPad Air 1, iPad smaller than normal 2/3, and iPod contact sixth-gen so if you possess one, get the update installed ASAP either by means of Software Update area (Settings > General > Software Update) or as an IPSW install. While the majority of iPhone and iPad users are updating to iOS 13. But if you are thinking about. 3 depends on a variety of factors, including the current iOS version, the device itself, and the speed of internet service. It took several months. Downgrade iOS 12. 4 Beta 7 on iPhone or iPad. Jailbreak iOS 13. Download iOS 12. you will need:. See related Apple iPhone 8 Plus review: Price reduction following Apple's autumn keynote. That's because the features from the updates you skipped are baked into your iOS 12. Scroll down and tap General. 2 iPhone XS, XS Max, XR Posted on November 12, 2018 April 30, 2019 by admin Benefits of Cydia install iOS 12. Essentially, the problem is the GPS not working properly when using apps that require your location, such as Google Maps or Apple Maps. Pre-orders for the new iPhone Xs and Xs Max will. After months of waiting, the Apple fans can't wait to install the latest iOS 12 to reflect this newest operating system. you will need:. Here are the latest features and improvements in the world's most advanced mobile. Extra tip: How to Stop iOS iOS 12 or iOS 13 Update Notification. Here’s the guide on how to Download and install iOS 11 in iPhone 5/ 5S, iPhone 6/6 Plus, and All other compatible iDevices. How to Block iOS 13. me, which posts mirrors to the authentic files present on Apple's servers (never download via third-party servers). 67%) 15 votes Well-known Apple analyst, Guo Minghao, predicts that Apple’s 2020 iPhones will support 5G network. There are already a lot of tutorials on how to activate WiFi hotspot on your iOS 7 device. An iPod touch must be 5th generation. First things first: Back it up. Step 2: When you get the “driver not installed” error, navigate to Windows 10 Settings app > Update & security > Windows Update. How To Jailbreak iOS 12. Will the iOS 10 work on my iPhone. No iOS release has progressed beyond version X. 1 Download › IOS 7. Note: You should note that iPads from iPad Air (3rd generation) to 2019 10. 2 is a significant update that improves the camera on iPhone 11 and adds several new features for all. Note: Unfortunately Apple iPhone 5 left in this update from the iPhone list, Becuase for hardware limitation and incompatibility. So, I am going to Guide to How to Install iOS 11 on Any iOS device without losing data. 2, with the legacy hardware now able to update to iOS 12. If you are still running an iPhone 4s then you are advised to update your device to iOS 9. iOS 12 beta will now begin to download and install on your iPhone, iPod touch or iPad. Open iTunes and select your device. 1 beta 1 and beta 2 work as well) using Evasi0n for Windows. Your iPhone 5 will then check to see if there's an update available. 3 or iOS 12. According to Apple, it seems that iOS 12 is set to update by default automatically. 4 for iPhone/iPad was released recently, which provides important security updates and is recommended for all users. 6 Tips to Fix iPhone Not Showing Contact Names Issue after iOS 11/11. There's an awful lot of coverage of iOS 12 out there at the moment, including early reviews, lists of all the new features, and tutorials that show you how to install the update. Let's dig into the upgrade including what's included in it and if you should upgrade older devices. Check this ultimate guide to learn how to make a successful update of iOS 12. Will the iOS 10 work on my iPhone. A Force Restart is an activity done at the hardware level and does not affect the software. How to remove downloaded software updates. 0 is the latest version for Mac. If asked, enter your passcode. iOS updates can be either optional or automatic. If you want updates on the go, flick on Use Mobile Data as well. MacTrast - Chris Hauk. iOS System Recovery is designed for fixing iPhone stuck in recovery mode after iOS 10(iOS 10. Apple has released an update of iOS for some older iPhone and iPad models that cannot be updated to iOS 13. If you recently updated to the latest version of iOS, you’re probably trying to figure out why your iPhone battery is dying so fast, or even wondering if it's time for a battery replacement. Any iPad will work. You really don't need iTunes because it's risky and you can lose your important data in this process, so the wisest choice would be dr. Apple's released a new version of iOS 12 and the. > How do I upgrade to iOS 11 on iPhone 5? T4A2A. 4 update, cellular services not working [Troubleshooting Guide] by Felix on October 12, 2019 Software updates are intended to offer benefits, particularly system enhancements. 4 to a beta that should be supported by the jailbreak. These are instructions on how to jailbreak your iPhone 5s, iPhone 5c, iPhone 5, iPhone 4s, or iPhone 4 on iOS 7. fone - Repair. Possible duplicate of iPhone 4 can't upgrade to iOS 8 to play newer games - grg ♦ Nov 29 '16 at 8:05 George, I think this question has a better answer than the duplicate, in fact I proposed a that as duplicate of this one. This will also allow you to repair your iPhone if it is stuck on the lock screen , stuck on Apple LOGO , if it keeps restarting or if you decide to update it for any reason. iOS 12 beta will now begin to download and install on your iPhone, iPod touch or iPad. It lets people (usually parents or corporate IT administrators) disable certain features of the iPhone. That update brought Messages in the Cloud, after a long delay and stereo pairing for the HomePod. iPhone 5 was released in. 4 Beta 7 on iPhone or iPad. Hopefully, you followed the golden rules of preparing for an update and backed up your iPhone/iDevice to iCloud or on your computer. This way all of your apps are up to date at any given time. A brand new iOS 12. At this time, it is working both Windows and Mac operation systems. iOS 13 and iPadOS make your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch more powerful, personal, and protected than ever. 07 and got pissed that. How to Update Your iPhone to iOS 10. Tap Software Update. 4 software and the iOS 12. 1 or can't update to iOS 12/12. Apple has started warning iPhone 5 owners with full-screen alerts that they'll lose key online features (including email, web browsing, the App Store and iCloud) if they don't update to iOS 10. Depends on users needs you might be not getting help after the update and most basic features that not helpful to your device and daily use. 67%) 15 votes Well-known Apple analyst, Guo Minghao, predicts that Apple’s 2020 iPhones will support 5G network. 3 or earlier, you simply can't start or join a FaceTime call with more than two people. How to fix a broken iOS 10 update that's bricked your iPhone or iPad If your iPhone or iPad has been ‘bricked’ or stuck with the Apple logo showing, you’ll need a computer, iTunes and a. 77GB in size. Closing apps is now a lot easier on an iPhone with the iOS 12 update. iOS 13 and iPadOS make your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch more powerful, personal, and protected than ever. 1, which is the latest jailbreakable and unlockable iOS (at least at the time I’m writing this). If you find download links like iOS 8 ipsw. Update Aug 24th, 2015: Apple has stopped signing iOS 8. Pull out the card directly and activate the mobile phone to enter the system. Step 2: When you get the “driver not installed” error, navigate to Windows 10 Settings app > Update & security > Windows Update. That update brought Messages in the Cloud, after a long delay and stereo pairing for the HomePod. You have to have a A7-based system or better to. Instagram is updated to the latest version of iOS 9 before it was for the iOS 8 the basic apps are moving to iOS 9 which earlier available for iOS 8 so now Instagram is alone most of App Store Apps like WhatsApp for iOS 7. 4 Firmware Signing Stopped by Apple. 4 Jailbreak download page. com/2015/09/apple-ipad-pro-pencil-keyboard-specs-price-availability/ https://techprolonged. Thank you so much for reading my article on update iPhone 4 to ios 9 with or without a computer. There is no other way to upgrade from iOS 7. The update is available now for the iPhone ($999 at Amazon), iPad ($320 at Walmart) and iPod Touch. No iOS release has progressed beyond version X. iOS 8 released for iPhone 4S, iPhone 5, 5S, 5C, iPhone 6, 6 Plus, iPad Air, 4, 3, 2 and iPod Touch 5 Gen. me to find the file you're looking for. 1 or iOS 12. Sadly, users are facing various errors when they are attempting to do so. 2 on Monday, users of older models not supported by the operating system upgrade are able to download an update to iOS 12. Download the firmware file for your device from our download page for the respective devices [Note the download file is around 2. 4 to solve the alarming security problems caused by the prior updates. It's a gray app with gears that's typically located on your home screen. Occasionally, service network providers such as Verizon, Sprint, AT&T, Apple, or T-Mobile may release a carrier update to the iPhone. However, in iOS 13, when I am on a phone call, I can no longer extend the key’s tone past a very split second: certainly not long enough to trigger the release. Go through the following steps to turn on automatic updates on iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch: Open the Settings app. The only exception. 4 on iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch and fix disabled iPhone back to normal. Cydia Download iOS 13. Step 4: After the successful recognition, look for updates. The compatibility list this year is pretty wide, dating back to the iPhone 6s, iPad mini 2, and the 6th. Take an example: You are using an iPhone 4S and you don't feel comfortable upgrading to iOS 8. iOS 10 will be made available for the iPhone 5 models and later models. 4: should I update to the latest 13. Once you have iTunes backup files, you can retrieve lost contacts on iPhone after iOS 12 upgrade in two ways. Testing conducted by Apple in May 2019 using iPhone X and iPhone X S Max supporting normal peak performance, and iPad Pro (11‑inch) with iOS 12. Thanks buddy. There are already a lot of tutorials on how to activate WiFi hotspot on your iOS 7 device. Apple just released iOS 12 for its iPhone and iPad customers. Download current and previous versions of Apple's iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, tvOS and audioOS firmware and receive notifications when new firmwares are released. Are you trying to update to iOS 12. The phone will update to ios 11 without any issues. Connect your device to your computer. Many iPhone 6 users are interested on how to update their devices using cellular data. you will need:. Step 5: Download the latest version by tapping on "Update". The good news is that iOS 12 public beta 1 is already available for download, and you can get it on your iPhone or iPad without too many hassles. 2? - Duration: 12:13. 2? I'm worried about worse battery life and bugs in the. If you have a question how to update iOS 10 or if you are going to get the iOS 10 update, we will give you step by step ios 10 tutorial on how to do this on your devices here we go. 2 ios update IOS 8. It should get more and more stable as Apple releases new beta updates, anyway. 3 and iOS 8. Update Aug 24th, 2015: Apple has stopped signing iOS 8. Install iOS 12. Hope you get the real answer for all your questions. The iOS 10. Keeping your Apple device software up to date is important not only because of all the cool new features we have been getting in the updates, but also because of all the security updates Apple has been making, most recently a "Sign-In with Apple. Before iOS 13, I could hold down the “9” key, which would trigger the lock release to let them in. 3 t, Apple released first iOS 10. It adds group FaceTime calls, custom Animoji and lots more. One of the beautiful things about using an Apple iPhone or iPad in iOS 13, iOS 12 and iOS 11 is that you never have time to get bored with it. Video Guide:. 3 and prerelease iPadOS and iOS 13, using the side or top button to wake the device. 4: should I update to the latest 13. MacRumors attracts a broad audience of both consumers and professionals interested in the latest technologies and products. The Apple Company has just released its latest iOS update to the public and it is iOS 12. 1 To iOS 12. Follow the prompts after the installation and start putting iOS 12 through its paces. When this process is happening, you can’t use your iPhone or iPad at all. Pull out the card directly and activate the mobile phone to enter the system. Click Download and Install. Uninstalling or installing iOS is a cakewalk with this software. If not enough space is available, your device will offer to temporarily remove apps to make space. APPLE has released a major iPhone update that you can download right now, adding new features – and fixing a bunch of security bugs. After months of waiting, the Apple fans can't wait to install the latest iOS 12 to reflect this newest operating system. 3 update to developers, one week after seeding the third beta of iOS 10. If you have any ideas on fixing iPhone Weather not working issues or other iOS update problems, please share with us by leaving a comment. This application does not. Download the firmware file for your device from our download page for the respective devices [Note the download file is around 2. 3 is available for everyone to download right now. iPhone 12 Pro design will be similar to iPhone 4 3. Guide to remove evasi0n's iOS 7 useless jailbreak from iPhone 5s, 5c, 5, 4s, 4 iPad, iPod touch by restoring iOS 8 on your iDevice. The iPhone 5 and 5C was cut off from iOS updates with iOS 10. Apple users did not expect such an update this soon. 2 is a significant update that improves the camera on iPhone 11 and adds several new features for all. Depends on users needs you might be not getting help after the update and most basic features that not helpful to your device and daily use. The anticipation for iOS 12. The on-screen prompts of the iOS download, backup and update may vary. More often than not, you'll find new settings to tweak, new apps to install, and new widgets, icons, and folders to arrange and rearrange. Should You Update to iOS 9 on Your iPhone 4s? my teeny old 16 GB phone was in luck — you only need 1. To check if the update is available for you, head over to Settings > General > Software Update. 2? I'm worried about worse battery life and bugs in the. A quick way to check which version of iOS your iPad is running is to go to Settings > General > About and look at the ‘Version’ field. iOS 12 has basic updates, bug fixed from iOS 11 and some unexpected improvement. 0 Is the latest version for Windows and 1. Force Restart Your iPhone. To update your app for these new devices, follow the steps below. For those with a shiny new. Pre-orders for the new iPhone Xs and Xs Max will. Before you update to iOS 13, we recommend that you do the following: Back up your iPhone - you can do this using iCloud, or using iTunes on a Mac or PC. 2? - Duration: 12:13. If your device is iCloud lock this tutorial will not work; Restore your iPhone ipad to newest iOS – 11. Make sure you have a recent iCloud backup. 3 was released back in March of 2011. AEDT] on November 3, 2019, iPhone 5 will require an iOS update to maintain accurate GPS location and to continue to use functions that rely on. Delete the update. Update: September 12, 2018: At today's Apple event in Cupertino, the company announced that iOS 12 will begin rolling out on Monday, September 17. As first spotted by MacStories editor Federico Viticci, this interface tweak is present in both the iOS 12. 1, they have been testing on various new features and functions making it the solution for many matters with the time of iOS 12. We know that Jailbreak iOS 12 has big future. As a last resort, you can manually download the iOS 12. This website has an up-to-date archive of IPSW files for older iOS versions. 1 on iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch Written by jbsquad on May 25, 2012 Though the Apple has made firmware update process very simple and with over the air support you don’t need to download entire 700+ MB of firmware file. 1 beta 1 and beta 2 work as well) using Evasi0n for Windows. If you have any ideas on fixing iPhone Weather not working issues or other iOS update problems, please share with us by leaving a comment. com/2015/09/apple-ipad-pro-pencil-keyboard-specs. Millions of iPhone, iPad and iPod touch users have been readily updating their firmware to the all-new iOS 7 since it first arrived on September 18th, but much like iOS 6 on the iPhone 3GS, the iPhone 4 struggles to offer the smooth, streamlined experience demanded by iOS 7. Testing conducted by Apple in May 2019 using iPhone X and iPhone X S Max supporting normal peak performance, and iPad Pro (11‑inch) with iOS 12. You can't upgrade iPhone 5 to iOS 11. also, keep eye on upcoming tiny/ Small but notable updates, that will appear on iPhone. The phone will update to ios 11 without any issues. 77GB in size. Taig has released an un tethered jailbreak for iOS 8. Get the update Here’s what you need to do to update your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch to iOS 13 or iPadOS. 2 on your iPhone 6S, include "IPSW iOS 10. More info here: iOS 8. 4 / 11 / 10. 2 has been released with Deep Fusion, Siri privacy controls, new Emoji, and more iOS 13. 1 or iOS 12. Every once in a while with the launch of its new IOS devices, Apple will also release a new iOS version bringing a lot of cool new features, like iOS 11 with ARKit and iOS 12 with Memoji. 3 GB of space to update to iOS 9, a gargantuan difference compared to iOS 8's enormous. 1) On your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, go to Settings and tap General. 3 t, Apple released first iOS 10. This will also allow you to repair your iPhone if it is stuck on the lock screen , stuck on Apple LOGO , if it keeps restarting or if you decide to update it for any reason. 4 Update Manually. Apart from this, this repair app also can rid your iPhone device of DUF mode, stuck on Apple logo, white/black screen no matter after iOS upgrade, downgrade or jailbreak. Once your device has rebooted, open the Settings app and navigate to General>Software Update. How to update using iTunes. AMP apple watch 4 apple watch vs galaxy watch cameratelefoon delen ios iPhone iphone 8 iphone tips iphone tips and tricks iphone tips and tricks ios 12 iphone tips n tricks iphone tips tricks weebly iphone vs android iphone vs android 2018 iPhone vs Note 9 iphone vs oneplus 6 iphone vs pixel iphone vs samsung iphone x. 3 Jailbreak Updates. Below we've put together a guide for how to downgrade your iPhone or iPad to the. More often than not, you'll find new settings to tweak, new apps to install, and new widgets, icons, and folders to arrange and rearrange. How to downgrade from iOS 12 public beta to iOS 11. That's FonePaw iOS System Recovery, which is designed to fix iOS system problems, such as iPhone that show a black screen after iOS 12 upgrade, iPhone stuck at Recovery mode/DFU mode in downgrade, etc. Let's dig into the upgrade including what's included in it and if you should upgrade older devices. 4 Beta 7 on iPhone or iPad. 2 support just one month after the Uncover release. The only exception. 4 is a production tool utilized as an iDevice record supervisor. See related Apple iPhone 8 Plus review: Price reduction following Apple's autumn keynote.